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Plant Fiber : The Types And Products

 Plant fiber are fibers taken from plants to be used as material for a product or craft. Plant fibers are divided into three main types, namely bast (from stem), leaf, and seed. Besides, there are also plant fibers that are produced from wood (trees), and bamboo.

plant fiber product

Processing plant fiber into ready-to-use products is one way to preserve natural wealth. Before making it as a product or craft material, we need to know what kind of plant fiber is suitable as the basic material for processing a product.

In fact, plant fibers have long been recognized in their production into textiles, straps and paper. More recently plant fibers are also being used in technical applications - eg. composite material.

Types and Products of Plant Fibers

  1. Bast Fiber

One of the well-known bast fiber example is flax fiber.

Flax fiber is fiber produced from the stems of the plant Linumusitatissium. The fiber from the flax stem is twice as strong as cotton, which is why it is one of the most expensive natural plant fibers. This fiber has long been used in Egypt as a material for making cloth. Products made from these fibers are linen (for lace, damasks and sheeting) high-quality paper for printed banknotes, and cigarette-rolled paper.

  1. Leaf Fiber

Pineapple fiber is one of this type.

Pineapple fiber is extracted from pineapple leaves. The pineapple leaf fibers are white, smooth, and shiny like silk. The fibers are medium length with high tensile strength and have a softer surface than other natural fibers. The products that have been made from pineapple fibers are fabrics with a transparent texture (for example the Barong, Philippines’ male clothing), bags, wallets, painting brushes, rope, and fiberglass substitutes.

  1. Seed Fibers

Cotton is a well-known material that belongs to this type of plant fiber.

Cotton fiber is one of the most famous natural fibers. It has a multi-layered structure and look like twisted ribbons. These twists are called convolutions, and there are about 60 convolutions per centimeter. Convolution gives the cotton an uneven fiber surface, which increases friction between the fibers and allows fine cotton yarns of sufficient strength to be spun.

Cotton fiber is a natural perforated plant fiber product; it is soft, cool, known as breathable fibers. The character of this comfortable cotton fiber makes it a textile product that is widely used worldwide, for example denim and T-shirts. Apart from that, cotton fiber is also used for making fishing nets, coffee filters, tents, and even bookmarks.

  1. Wood Fibers

Wood fibers are fibers that come from wood which are generally divided into two, namely long fibers and short fibers. Long fibers usually come from hardwoods (coniferous trees, subdivision gymnosperms) while short fibers come from softwoods (broad-leaved trees, subdivision angiosperms).

Wood fiber, as one of the well-known plant fibers, has been known for a long time to make paper and other paper products. But as technology develops, wood fiber is now widely used even for things that we didn't think about before.

Firstly, clothes. The wood-based textile field is rapidly gaining attention across Europe. A number of pulp and paper companies are working with well-known fashion brands and retailers with the aim of developing sustainable textile fibers from pulp.

Secondly, shoes. The fiber made from cellulose in wood pulp derived from eucalyptus trees has been added as the material used to produce sneakers from an international companies based in San Francisco.

Thirdly, wood-based soundproofing materials. A Finnish acoustics company creates more efficient, sustainable, and less chemicals soundproofing materials by using cellulose fibers produced from wood. Wood-based soundproofing materials uses less chemicals without fiberglass, making them better for the occupants, buildings and environment. This differs from conventional soundproofing materials which are often made of fiber-glass and use a number of chemicals as their binding agent.

  1. Bamboo Fibers

Bamboo fiber is cellulose fiber regenerated from bamboo plants. This is a high prospective green fiber with remarkable biodegradable textile material, and is stronger than conventional glass fibers.

This plant fiber is one of the plant fibers which is famous for its coolness and ability to breathe. No wonder this plant fiber is widely used for making textile product, such as sweaters, bathrobes, blankets, and towels. Bamboo fiber is also anti-bacterial which make it suitable to make underwear. Apart from the textile industry, bamboo fiber is also increasingly being used for household appliances, for example tableware.


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